Four math activities for the young

Through trials and tests, a father named Pho Thee has found four activities suitable as tools to teach the pre-kindergarten and kindergarten kids to learn math as follows.

1. Counting Practice: This is a one-minute practice for young children. The parent repeats every number from one to 10 aloud and has the child has do the same. Once the child becomes fluent at the one-to-10 counting, try backward counting from 10 to one. Keep track of the amount of time used on the counting in order to observe development.

In a more advanced step, increase the numbers and reduce the time allowed.

2. Guessing the beads: This is also a one-minute activity. Use five beads that are large enough to prevent them from being swallowed. Hold a number of beads visibly in your hand and ask the child to look at them and ”guess” how many beads there are. If the child is not able to count, the parent will show them by counting the beads out loud and have the child repeat the numbers.

For example, show the child that there are three beads in your hand and say ”one, two, three, so there are three beads.” Soon, the child will be able to count without your help.

3. Hundred Number Board: A 10-minute activity utilising the Hundred Number Board, which has a chart of numbers in numerical order from one to 100.

Say a number and have the child put a tile piece with that number in the cell with the same number. Use only five tiles at first. You may demonstrate how to do this and repeat it as needed before allowing the child to perform. As the child becomes better with the activity, reduce the time allotted and increase the numbers of tiles to 10, and then 20, and so on, until the child is able to put all 100 tiles in the cells. At an advanced level for older children, the parent may have the child write the numbers in the cells instead of using the tile pieces.

4. Writing the numbers: Use large cards, each with a large number on it. Read each card to the child and have him move his finger on the card along the number as if he was writing it. At the end of the activity, you may allow the child to paint the numbers in the card, which is a good way to relax.

Once the child has completed the four math activities, they should be allowed to play or do whatever that they want to in order to allow them to relax. The parents must remind themselves that young children have a short attention span, so they should try to make children feel that they are playing fun games when they are doing the math activities. For good results, children should also practice the four activities regularly.